mercredi 17 janvier 2018

La mission ScanPyramids - suite envisagée : le mini-robot ; nouvelles recherches avec les détecteurs de muons

Le mini-robot qui pourrait compléter les recherches et découvertes de la mission #ScanPyramids 


Sur ce sujet, l'article de "Live Science"  "What's Hiding Inside Egypt's Great Pyramid ? Tiny Robots May Find Out", by Owen Jarus, January 16, 2018

Extraits de cet article :
"Scientists plan to conduct more muon testing in the Great Pyramid; and they are developing robots that may be able to enter the smaller void and peer inside using a high-resolution camera.
Currently, the scientists know little more about the larger void than its length. "There is a big difference if the [larger] void is horizontal or if it is inclined," said Mehdi Tayoubi, the president and co-founder of the Heritage Innovation Preservation Institute, one of the institutions involved with the Scan Pyramids project. If the larger void is inclined, for instance, it could be a large passageway like the grand gallery, Tayoubi explained. On the other hand, if the void is horizontal, then it could consist of one or more chambers. Additionally, it's possible that the smaller void, which scientists already know consists of a corridor, could have linked up to the larger void in ancient times, Tayoubi said.
To gather this information, the researchers will set up muon detectors in spots in the Great Pyramid that have yet to be investigated, including a series of so-called relieving chambers, which are located near the larger void. The relieving chambers are located above the king's chamber — a chamber that holds a sarcophagus that many archaeologists believe was used to bury Khufu. These chambers may have been constructed to take pressure off the ceiling of the king's chamber, preventing the ceiling from collapsing (hence, their name).
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Le ministère des Antiquités égyptien doit évidemment donner son approbation préalable à l'utilisation de robots, car leur utilisation supposerait le percement d'un trou qui endommagerait légèrement la pyramide.

"Nous travaillons dur pour obtenir un robot aussi fiable que possible, et nous espérons que nous pourrons convaincre le ministère des Antiquités que c'est la technologie la plus appropriée pour la prochaine étape", a déclaré Jean-Baptiste Mouret, chercheur à l'INRIA (Institut national de recherche en informatique et en automatique).

Quant à Mehdi Tayoubi, président et co-fondateur de HIP (Heritage Heritage Preservation Institute), il a souligné que "l'exploration robotique n'est pas l'objectif immédiat du projet ScanPyramids, mais plutôt quelque chose qui pourrait être envisagé dans le futur".